Bone accrual in oligo-amenorrheic athletes, eumenorrheic athletes and non-athletes.

Affiliation

Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, United States; Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Mechanical loading improves bone mineral density (BMD) and strength while decreasing fracture risk. Cross-sectional studies show that exercise advantage is lost in oligo-amenorrheic athletes (OA). Longitudinal studies examining the opposing effects of exercise and hypogonadism on bone are lacking in adolescents/young adults.

Keywords

Adolescent,Adult,Bone accrual,Bone mineral density,Bone strength,DXA,Finite element analysis,