Caldecrin inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines and M1 macrophage polarization through the immunoreceptor triggering receptor expressed in myeloid cells-2.


Division of Biochemistry, Department of Oral Biology and Tissue Engineering, 1-1 Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama, 350-0283, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


Caldecrin was previously isolated as a serum calcium-decreasing factor from the pancreas and is known to suppress receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced calcium oscillation pathways in osteoclasts. Here, we explored the effects of caldecrin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) signaling pathways in macrophages. Caldecrin inhibited the LPS-induced gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and M1 macrophage polarization in mouse bone marrow macrophages and the RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cell line. Next, we focused on triggering receptor expressed in myeloid cells-2 (TREM-2) as a co-receptor common to RANKL receptor and TLR-4, and established Trem2-KO RAW264.7 cells, in which Trem2 gene was deleted using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Caldecrin-mediated alterations in pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and M1 macrophage polarization were not observed in Trem2-KO RAW264.7 cells. These results suggest that caldecrin is not only an inhibitor of osteoclast activation but also a negative regulator of LPS-induced inflammatory responses, functioning via TREM-2.


Caldecrin,LPS,M1 macrophage,Pro-inflammatory cytokine,TREM-2,

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