Candidate early predictive plasma protein markers of doxorubicin-induced chronic cardiotoxicity in B6C3F1 mice.

Affiliation

Division of Systems Biology, National Center for Toxicological Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Personalized Medicine Branch, Jefferson, AR 72079, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Cardiotoxicity is a serious adverse effect of doxorubicin (DOX) treatment in cancer patients. Currently, there is a lack of sensitive biomarkers to predict the risk of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. Using SOMAmer-based proteomic technology, 1129 proteins were profiled to identify potential early biomarkers of cardiotoxicity in plasma from male B6C3F1 mice given a weekly intravenous dose of 3 mg/kg DOX or saline (SAL) for 2, 3, 4, 6, or 8 weeks (6, 9, 12, 18, or 24 mg/kg cumulative DOX doses, respectively). Also, a group of mice received the cardio-protectant, dexrazoxane (DXZ; 60 mg/kg; intraperitoneal) 30 min before a weekly DOX or SAL dose. Proteomic analysis in plasma collected a week after the last dose showed a significant ≥1.2-fold change in level of 18 proteins in DOX-treated mice compared to SAL-treated counterparts during 8-week exposure. Of these, neurogenic locus notch homolog protein 1 (NOTCH1), von Willebrand factor (vWF), mitochondrial glutamate carrier 2, Wnt inhibitory factor 1, legumain, and mannan-binding lectin serine protease 1 were increased in plasma at 6 mg/kg cumulative DOX dose, prior to the release of myocardial injury marker, cardiac troponin I at 12 mg/kg and higher cumulative doses. These six proteins also remained significantly elevated following myocardial injury or pathology at 24 mg/kg. Pretreatment of mice with DXZ significantly attenuated DOX-induced elevated levels of only NOTCH1 and vWF with mitigation of cardiotoxicity. This suggests NOTCH1 and vWF as candidate early biomarkers of DOX cardiotoxicity, which may help in addressing a clinically important question of identifying cancer patients at risk for cardiotoxicity.

Keywords

Biomarkers,Cardiotoxicity,Dexrazoxane,Doxorubicin,Mouse Plasma,SOMAscan™ Proteomic Assay,