Catalytic pyrolysis coupling to enhanced dewatering of waste activated sludge using KMnO4Fe(II) conditioning for preparing multi-functional material to treat groundwater containing combined pollutants.

Affiliation

School of Environment Studies, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, 430074, Hubei, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Sewage sludge, the major by-product during the primary treatment and subsequent biotreatment of wastewater, is increasingly generated around the world. KMnO4Fe(II) consists both oxidation properties of KMnO4 and flocculation ability by in-situ formed Fe(III) and is widely used in water treatment. In this study, KMnO4Fe(II) was used as chemical conditioners to synchronously improve sludge dewatering performance and catalyze the biomass pyrolysis of waste activated sludge for preparing multi-functional material to remedy arsenic containing groundwater. The results showed that the sludge dewaterability was significantly improved due to the moderate pre-oxidation of extracellular polymeric substances by KMnO4, and then the sludge particles were re-flocculated by Fe(III) generated from KMnO4Fe(II). The conditioned sludge cake was then utilized for preparing sludge-based carbon (Fe-Mn-SBC) which was systematically characterized. The surface area of Fe-Mn-SBC was characteristic of high surface area (100.08 m2/g) which had a great adsorption capacity on arsenic. Besides, Fe-Mn-SBC could effectively oxidize As(III) to As(V), and addition of low dose of H2O2 can further improve total arsenic removal due to catalytic peroxidation of Fe-Mn-SBC. Besides, it was found that the presence of humic acid could inhibit the hydroxy iron formation and compete for the active adsorption sites and then resulted in the decrease in arsenic removal, and the co-existing humic acid could also be removed by adsorption of Fe-Mn-SBC. This work proposed a novel sludge treatment process by combining enhanced sludge dewatering with catalytic pyrolysis for preparing multi-functional materials, and they are promising in treatment of water containing combined pollutants.

Keywords

Combined pollutants,Extracellular polymeric substances,Fe(II),KMnO(4),Sludge based carbon,Sludge conditioning,