Cellulose binding domain fusion enhanced soluble expression of fructosyl peptide oxidase and its simultaneous purification and immobilization.


Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, No. 43, Sec. 4, Keelung Rd, Taipei 10607, Taiwan.. Electronic address: [Email]


Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a hemoglobin molecule in which the N-terminal valine residue of the β subunit has been grafted with the glucose in blood. Its detection has important implications for the diagnosis of diabetes. Enzymatic colorimetric method using fructosyl peptide oxidase (FPO) is simple and rapid for HbA1c detection. A FPO mutant with enhanced activity was constructed and produced by E. coli; however, most of expressed mutant FPO was insoluble. Significantly enhanced expression solubility was achieved when cellulose-binding domain (CBD) from Clostridium thermocellum was fused to the N-terminal of FPO mutant. Via the high affinity interaction between CBD and cellulose, the CBD fusion also facilitated the simultaneous purification and immobilization of FPO directly from E. coli cells lysate using bacterial cellulose (BC) nanofibrils as a matrix of very high specific area. A never-dried and water durable nanocellulose film with FPO activity could be easily obtained by collecting the FPO immobilized BC nanofibrils suspension on the surface of a microfiltration membrane. The activity of the ready-use FPO nanocellulose film was stable at least 7 days at room temperature for the detection of HbA1c level of 5.3-11% in blood samples.


Bacterial cellulose,Cellulose binding domain,Fructosyl peptide oxidase,HbA1c,

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