Lignocellulosic biomass is regarded as an ideal renewable resource for replacing traditional fossil fuels. Corncob residues (CRs) generated after hemicelluloses pre-extraction of corncobs were potential feedstocks to produce lignin-based products. Three lignin fractions, i.e., dioxane lignin (DL), milled-wood lignin (MWL), and enzymatic mild acidolysis lignin (EMAL), were isolated from CRs and characterized by HPLC, GPC, FT-IR, NMR, and TGA to reveal characteristics of CRs lignin to better understand its potential applications. The results showed that the yield of DL, MWL and EMAL were 12.8%, 14.7% and 15.6%, respectively. The molecular weight of DL, MWL and EMAL were 2001, 5391, and 2629 g/mol, respectively. The EMAL and MWL had similar structural features including guaiacyl and syringyl units, β-O-4' aryl ether, p-coumaric acids, ferulates, and phenylcoumarans, while the structure of DL was relatively simple. It is expected that this work will provide some useful information for the utilization of CRs in view of biorefinery.