Characterization and enhanced functionality of nanoparticles based on linseed protein and linseed gum biocomplexes.

Affiliation

Particle and Interfacial Technology Group (PaInT), Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The formation, characterization, and functionality of hybrid nanoparticles based on linseed bio-macromolecules extracted as linseed protein (LP) and linseed gum (LG) from the remaining meal after oil extraction were investigated. The assembly of bioparticles at different protein to polysaccharide ratios as a function of pH was characterized in terms of absorbance measurements, dynamic light scattering and surface charge. The wettability of the assembled particles as well as the plain LP and LG was also determined. By increasing the LG proportion in the bioparticles, both the size of the particles and their contact angle tended to decrease, whereas their zeta potential became more negative over the whole studied pH range. The formed negatively charged particles at pH 3 with a 50:50 LP to LG ratio and a size of approximately 300 nm were selected and their functional properties (solubility, emulsifying and foaming properties) were compared to the individual biopolymers. The interaction between LG and LP was found to modify the functional properties of native LP especially at and around its isoelectric point. The LP-LG particles could be useful for stabilizing plant-based emulsions and foams.

Keywords

Biological macromolecule,Linseed gum,Linseed protein,Nanoparticle,

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