Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design & Discovery of Ministry of Education, School of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, 110016, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Three undescribed triterpenes and four previously unreported saponins, along with two known ones, were isolated from shells of Xanthoceras sorbifolium (Sapindaceae). Their structures were elucidated by the interpretation of 1D and 2D NMR data. The nitric oxide (NO) assay revealed that 28-O-isobutyryl-21-O-angeloyl-R1-barrigenol and 3-O-β-D-6-O-methylglucuronopyranosyl-21,22-di-O-angeloyl-R1-barrigenol possessed stronger inhibitory effects on LPS-induced NO overproduction (IC50 = 18.5 ± 1.2 and 28.2 ± 1.8 μM, respectively) than the positive drug minocycline (IC50 = 30.1 ± 1.3 μM) in activated BV2 cells. Western blot, RT-qPCR, and docking experiments further validated that the regulation of iNOS and IL-1β expressions was involved in the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of these two compounds.