Chemistry, manufacturing and controls for gene modified hematopoietic stem cells.


Division of Stem Cell Transplant and Regenerative Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Gene modification of hematopoietic stem cells is increasingly becoming popular as a therapeutic approach, given the recent approvals and the number of new applications for clinical trials targeting monogenetic and immunodeficiency disorders. Technological advances in stem cell selection, culture, transduction and gene editing now allow for efficient ex vivo genetic manipulation of stem cells. Gene-addition techniques using viral vectors (mainly retrovirus- and lentivirus-based) and gene editing using various targeted nuclease platforms (e.g., Zinc finger, TALEN and Crispr/Cas9) are being applied to the treatment of multiple genetic and immunodeficiency disorders. Herein, the current state of the art in manufacturing and critical assays that are required for ex vivo manipulation of stem cells are addressed. Important quality control and safety assays that need to be planned early in the process development phase of these products for regulatory approval are also highlighted.


Crispr/Cas9,cell manufacturing,gene addition,gene editing,gene modification,stem cells,viral vectors,