Chicken viperin inhibits Newcastle disease virus infection in vitro: A possible interaction with the viral matrix protein.


Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam 781039, India. Electronic address: [Email]


Viperin is an interferon-inducible protein that helps in protecting mammals against various virus infections. Viperin is a highly conserved member of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) family in many species. Viperin has been shown to play a pivotal role in the innate immunity of chicken; however, its role has not been explored in its antiviral potential. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is the causative agent of an infectious disease in poultry. In the present study, we have shown the anti-NDV effect of chicken viperin (cViperin). The impact of cViperin upon NDV infection was investigated in chicken embryo fibroblast. The modeling of the cViperin protein was done using I-TASSER and ZDOCK is used to predict the possible interaction with the matrix protein of NDV. The interaction was further confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation assay using recombinant matrix protein of NDV with the recombinant cViperin. The recombinant NDV expressing cViperin showed reduced replication of the virus upon its growth kinetics. Our results suggest downregulation of NDV replication in the presence of cViperin. The study will be critical to elaborate our understanding of the chicken innate immune system which could help develop antiviral strategies against NDV infection.



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