Shanghai Food Safety and Engineering Technology Research Center, Key Lab of Urban Agriculture (South), Bor S. Luh Food Safety Research Center, School of Agriculture & Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is a common adverse effect of antibiotic treatment. The study was to evaluate effects of Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita Thunb.) on AAD, and changes of intestinal microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). AAD model was established using Balb/c mice by gavage with ampicillin for 5 days, followed by a 10-day administration of low, medium, and high dosage of Chinese yam, containing allantoin (4.35 mg/g) and polysaccharides (85.51 mg/g). The results showed that Chinese yam accelerated the recovery from acute diarrhea, reverse AAD-induced body weight loss and cecal enlargement. The high-dosage Chinese yam increased probiotic Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli by 47% and 21% and decreased potential pathogen Enterococcus and Clostridium perfringens by 8% and 27% on day 15 (P < .05). Bacterial community analysis revealed that Chinese yam contributed to repair the ampicillin-induced intestinal microbiota disorder, enrich the abundance of Bacteroides spp. and Clostridium spp. Additionally, Chinese yam supplementation increased the production of SCFA.