Chitosan-glyoxal film as a superior adsorbent for two structurally different reactive and acid dyes: Adsorption and mechanism study.


Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Electronic address: [Email]


In this work, chitosan (Chi) was cross-linked with glyoxal (Gly) and deposited onto glass plate to be a superior adsorbent film for two structurally different reactive orange 16 (RO-16) and methyl orange (MO) dyes by using non-conventional adsorption system without filtration process. The characterizations indicate that the cross-linked chitosan-glyoxal (Chi-Gly) film has a low swelling index, high adherence strength on glass plate, amine group (NH2) content was 32.52%, and pHpzc of ∼6.0 indicating a negative surface charge occurs above pHpzc. The adsorption isotherm data of RO-16 and MO by Chi-Gly film were in agreement with Langmuir isotherm, with maximum adsorption capacities of 1554.3 mg/g and 1451.9 mg/g, respectively. The pseudo-first-order kinetic model best described the kinetic data. The adsorption process was spontaneous and exothermic in nature at Chi-Gly film thickness of 8.55 μm, and pH ~3. The mechanism of adsorption included mainly electrostatic attractions, dipole-dipole hydrogen bonding interactions, n-π stacking attractions, and Yoshida H-bonding. This study reveals that immobilized Chi-Gly film as a good candidate for adsorption of reactive and acid dyes as it does not require any filtration process and adsorbent recovery during and post-adsorption process.


Adsorption mechanism,Chitosan,Cross-linking reaction,Glyoxal,Methyl orange,Reactive orange 16,