Circulating insulin-like peptide 5 levels and its association with metabolic and hormonal parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.


Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Bozyaka, 35170, Izmir, Turkey. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Insulin-like peptide 5 (INSL5) is a gut peptide hormone that is a member of relaxin/insulin superfamily. Growing evidence implicates the crucial role of the peptide in some metabolisms including food intake, glucose homeostasis and reproductive system. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is involved in both reproductive and metabolic issues. The aim of the study was determination of circulating levels of INSL5 alteration in women with PCOS and evaluation of the relationship between INSL5 and hormonal-metabolic parameters as well as carotid intima media thickness (cIMT).
METHODS : A total of 164 subjects were recruited in this cross-sectional study (82 women with PCOS and 82 age- and BMI-matched controls). Circulating INSL5 levels were assessed via ELISA method. High-resolution B-mode ultrasound was used to measure cIMT. The hormonal and metabolic parameters of the recruited subjects were determined.
RESULTS : Circulating INSL5 levels were significantly elevated in women with PCOS compared to controls (27.63 ± 7.74 vs. 19.90 ± 5.85 ng/ml, P < 0.001). The mean values of INSL5 were significantly higher in overweight subjects compared to lean weight subjects in both groups. The women with PCOS having insulin resistance have increased INSL5 compared to those of PCOS subjects without insulin resistance. INSL5 is associated with insulin resistance, BMI, luteinizing hormone and free androgen index. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that the odds ratio for having PCOS in the highest tertile of INSL5 was higher than in the lowest tertile.
CONCLUSIONS : PCOS subjects exhibited an elevation in circulating INSL5 levels along with a link between INSL5 level induction and metabolic-hormonal parameters.


Body mass index,Carotid intima media thickness,Insulin resistance,Insulin-like peptide 5,Polycystic ovary syndrome,