Clinical Impact of Intraventricular Conduction Abnormalities After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation With Balloon-Expandable Valves.

Affiliation

Department of Cardiology, Kokura Memorial Hospital. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) often causes intraventricular conduction abnormalities (ICA), particularly left bundle branch block (LBBB) and advanced atrioventricular block, requiring pacemaker implantation (PMI). However, the relation between ICA and clinical outcomes after TAVI with balloon-expandable valves remains unclear, particularly in the Asian population. This retrospective study included all patients who underwent TAVI with balloon-expandable valves from October 2013 to September 2016. We defined ICA as new onset of complete LBBB (CLBBB) or PMI within 2 weeks after TAVI. We divided the patients into 2 groups: those with and without ICA (new-ICA and no-ICA groups) and we assessed 1-year outcome. Two hundred one consecutive patients underwent TAVI using balloon-expandable valves (mean age, 84.8 ± 5.7 years; women, 64%). ICA occurred in 47 patients (23%), 37 patients (18%) developed CLBBB, and 34 patients recovered from CLBBB within 1 year after TAVI. Ten patients (5%) who developed symptomatic bradycardia required PMI within 2 weeks after TAVI. At 30 days after PMI, 7 patients already had a very low ventricular pacing rate, and 6 patients who recovered from bradycardia needed pacing at 1 year. Patients with ICA tended to have high 1-year all-cause mortality, but there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (12% vs 7%, p = 0.15). In conclusion, ICA occurred in 23% of patients after TAVI with balloon-expandable valves, and approximately 90% of them recovered from ICA during the follow-up. There was no significant difference in 1-year all-cause mortality between the new-ICA and no-ICA groups.