Clinical and molecular characteristics of thirty NF1 variants in Chinese patients with neurofibromatosis type 1.

Affiliation

NHC Key Laboratory of Male Reproduction and Genetics, Family Planning Research Institute of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, China. [Email]

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common autosomal dominant tumor-predisposition disorder that mainly impacts the nervous system and skin. Since the full clinical presentation of NF1 depends on age, it can be difficult to make an early and definite diagnosis in paediatric patients without family history who only exhibited multiple cafè-au-lait spots, highlighting the need for mutational analysis. A combination of techniques was conducted in 30 families with NF1, including multi-gene panels, direct sequencing, cDNA sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Thirty variants were identified in 36 patients from the 30 families, among which ten variants were novel. As a result, we confirmed that the combination of techniques were highly accurate and sensitive for identifying pathogenic variants in patients clinically suspected of having NF1, in particular, for patients who only present with multiple cafè-au-lait spots.

Keywords

Multi-gene panel,Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification,NF1,Neurofibromatosis type 1,cDNA sequencing,