Clinical characteristics of autoimmune GFAP astrocytopathy.

Affiliation

Department of Neurology and Geriatrics, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The clinical features of autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy remain to be elucidated. We describe here the clinical features of 14 patients with GFAP astrocytopathy confirmed by detection of GFAP-IgG in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The novel findings of this study are as follows. First, over half of the patients presented with movement disorders (tremor, myoclonus, and ataxia), autonomic dysfunction (mainly urinary dysfunction), and hyponatremia. Second, most patients showed transient elevation of adenosine deaminase activity levels in CSF. Finally, some patients showed bilateral hyperintensities in the posterior part of the thalamus on brain magnetic resonance imaging.

Keywords

Adenosine deaminase activity (ADA),Astrocytopathy,Autoantibody,Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP),Movement disorder,

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