Clinical risk factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Mali.


University Clinical Research Center (UCRC)-SEREFO Laboratory, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : MDR-TB is a major threat to global TB control. In 2015, 580,000 were treated for MDR-TB worldwide. The worldwide roll-out of GeneXpert MTB/RIF® has improved diagnosis of MDR-TB; however, in many countries laboratories are unable to assess drug resistance and clinical predictors of MDR-TB could help target suspected patients. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical factors associated with MDR-TB in Bamako, Mali.
METHODS : We performed a cross-sectional study of 214 patients with presumed MDR-TB admitted to University of Bamako Teaching Hospital, Point-G between 2007 and 2016. We calculated crude and adjusted odds ratios for MDR-TB disease diagnosis using SPSS.
RESULTS : We found that age ≤40years (OR=2.56. 95% CI: 1.44-4.55), two courses of prior TB treatment (OR=3.25, 95% CI: 1.44-7.30), TB treatment failure (OR=3.82, 95% CI 1.82-7.79), sputum microscopy with 3+ bacilli load (OR=1.98, 95% CI: 1.13-3.48) and a history of contact with a TB patient (OR=2.48, 95% CI: 1.11-5.50) were significantly associated with confirmation of MDR-TB disease. HIV was not a risk factor for MDR-TB (aOR=0.88, 95% CI: 0.34-1.94).
CONCLUSIONS : We identified several risk factors that could be used to identify MDR-TB suspects and prioritize them for laboratory confirmation. Prospective studies are needed to understand factors associated with TB incidence and clinical outcomes of TB treatment and disease.


Mali,Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis,Risk factors,