Clinical significance of lnc-AC145676.2.1-6 and lnc-TGS1-1 and their variants in western Chinese tuberculosis patients.

Affiliation

Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global public health problem. Recent studies have implicated long non-coding RNAs and their variants as possibly playing important roles in TB. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical relevance of lnc-AC145676.2.1-6 and lnc-TGS1-1 and their variants in a western Chinese population.
METHODS : This case-control study included 467 TB patients and 473 healthy controls from West China Hospital. The expression levels of lnc-AC145676.2.1-6 and lnc-TGS1-1 were analyzed by reverse transcriptase quantitative real-time PCR. Single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping was performed using a custom-designed 2 × 48-Plex SNPscan kit.
RESULTS : It was observed that lnc-AC145676.2.1-6 and lnc-TGS1-1 expression levels were both obviously down-regulated in TB patients. In addition, a lower expression level of lnc-TGS1-1 was associated with the presence of thrombocytopenia in TB patients during anti-TB treatment, and the homozygous CC genotype of rs4737420 correlated with a decreased risk of leukopenia, compared with individuals with the T allele (TT/CT genotype), in the dominant mode.
CONCLUSIONS : For the first time, potential TB-associated promoting effects were identified for the decreased expression levels of lnc-AC145676.2.1-6 and lnc-TGS-1, while lnc-TGS1-1 and its variant rs4737420 may be predictive indicators of anti-TB drug-induced adverse drug reactions. Larger validation studies on different populations are warranted to confirm these findings.

Keywords

Adverse drug reactions,Genetic variants,Long non-coding RNA,Tuberculosis,