Colour-encoded lateral flow immunoassay for the simultaneous detection of aflatoxin B1 and type-B fumonisins in a single Test line.


Department of Chemistry, University of Turin, Via Giuria, 5, I-10125 Turin, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


A multiplex Lateral Flow Immunoassay was developed based on the use of a single Test line and multicolour gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as signal reporters. Red and blue GNPs were linked to antibodies directed towards two different analytes and included in a typical lateral flow immunoassay configuration, in which the Test line was formed by the mixture of two antigens. As a result of the immunoreactions occurring at the Test zone, diverse combinations of red and blue GNPs labels were captured. Therefore, the Test line assumed different colours depending on which - and how much - analyte is present in the sample. The multiplexing capability of the 'colour-encoded assay' is illustrated by the simultaneous detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and type-B fumonisins (FMs) in wheat and food products that made with wheat. Reproducible detection of AFB1 and FMs contamination in raw and processed food was achieved with visual cut-off levels at 1 ng mL-1 and 50 ng mL-1, respectively. The contaminant was identified based on the colour of the label according with a specific colour code. Furthermore, strips images were acquired by means of a common smartphone and analysed through RGB data analysis providing semi-quantitative detection of the two mycotoxins.


Blue gold nanoparticles,Immunochromatographic strip test,Multiplex detection,Mycotoxins,RGB data evaluation,Smartphone,