Comparative differentiation analysis of distinct oral tissue-derived cells in response to osteogenic stimulation.


G.E.R.N. Tissue Replacement, Regeneration & Neogenesis, Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. [Email]


BACKGROUND : Mixed cell populations from oral tissues may be superior to pure stem cells for regenerative approaches. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the osteogenic potential of mixed cells derived from oral connective tissues compared to alveolar osteoblasts.
METHODS : Primary cells were isolated from the alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and gingiva. Following characterization by colony formation, growth capacity and flow cytometry, all cells were subjected to osteogenic differentiation induction and screened for a large panel of osteogenic markers using western blots, qPCR arrays, and matrix mineralization and alkaline phosphatase quantification.
RESULTS : Non-induced mixed cells from gingiva showed higher colony formation efficiency but decreased proliferation compared to non-induced periodontal mixed cells, while both entities revealed similar surface markers tested in this setup. Following osteogenic induction, all cell populations individually expressed receptors with distinctively activated downstream effectors. Gene expression of induced periodontal mixed cells was similar to alveolar osteoblasts, but was differently modulated in gingival mixed cells. The latter failed to achieve osteogenic differentiation in terms of matrix mineralization and alkaline phosphatase activity, which was well observed in periodontal mixed cells and osteoblasts.
CONCLUSIONS : Mixed cells from periodontal ligament but not from gingiva feature an inherent osteogenic capacity in vitro. From these results, it can be concluded that periodontal cells do not require further stem cell enrichment in order to qualify for bone regeneration.
CONCLUSIONS : Our data contribute to the development of novel cell-based therapies using mixed cells from the periodontal ligament in regenerative periodontics.


Cells (MeSH-ID D002477),Gingiva (MeSH-ID D005881),Osteoblasts (MeSH-ID D010006),Osteogenesis (MeSH-ID D010012),Periodontal ligament (MeSH-ID D010513),