Comparison of Single Antigen Bead-Based, Cell-Based, and Solid Phase-Based Crossmatch Methods.


Tissue Typing Laboratory, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Antibody assessment during pretransplantation term is important to detect donor specific antibodies. These donor-specific antibodies are determined by various crossmatch methods (flow cytometric [FCXM], complement-dependent cytotoxic [CDCXM], and Luminex [LMXM]). Recently, single antigen bead (SAB) assays have been used for the assessment of hypersensitized patients. The aim of this study was to compare sensitivity and specificity of the 3 crossmatch methods in reference to the SAB method.
METHODS : In this study, 69 hypersensitized patients with high class I and/or class II panel reactive antibodies were tested using the flow cytometric SAB method. Serum samples were cross-matched by 3 crossmatch methods with the cells of a volunteer healthy individual, and the results were evaluated according to HLA and cross-reactive epitope groups (CREGs).
RESULTS : Sensitivity was found to be better with T FCXM (0.91) and class I LMXM (0.87). Specificity of peripheral blood lymphocyte CDCXM method (1.0) was found to be better than the other 2 methods (0.33 and 0.57, respectively). Sensitivity of class II LMXM (0.88) was found to be better than the others (0.42 for B CDCXM and 0.82 for B FCXM, respectively). The specificity of the B CDCXM, B FCXM, and class II LMXM was similar (0.44, 0.44, and 0.33, respectively). CREGs results were similar to HLA results.
CONCLUSIONS : Although CDCXM has high specificity for the detection of anti-HLA antibodies, it has low sensitivity. To increase sensitivity, FCXM or LMXM methods may be used with the CDCXM test. These results will be beneficial for laboratories and clinicians during graft survival and patient health assessment.