State Key Laboratory of Biobased Material and Green Papermaking, Key Laboratory of Pulp & Paper Science and Technology of Shandong Province/Ministry of Education, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Qilu University of Technology, Jinan 250353, China. [Email]
A novel lignin-based quaternary ammonium material (lignin-DMC) with excellent corrosion resistant behavior was synthesized by grafting DMC (methacrylatoethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) onto kraft lignin. The structure and anti-corrosion performance of lignin-DMC was investigated using many methods, for instance the scanning electron microscope (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), charge density analysis, molecular weight analysis, electrochemical methods. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) confirmed the formation of the lignin-DMC. The experiment results indicated that maximum corrosion inhibition efficiency (87.65%) occurred at a concentration of 75 mg/L via weight loss measurement. Polarization curves indicated that lignin-DMC was a mixed-type inhibitor with an efficient anti-corrosion performance in an acid medium. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) results indicated that lignin-DMC could create a shielding effectiveness and achieve a protective effectiveness in the HCl solution. Moreover, lignin-DMC displayed a physical and chemical adsorption process between 20 KJ/mol and 40 KJ/mol, which followed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model.