Contamination and ecological risk assessment of heavy metals pollution from the Shalateen coastal sediments, Red Sea, Egypt.

Affiliation

Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Egypt; Geology and Geophysics Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

To assess the contamination and ecological risk assessment of the Shalateen coastal sediments, Red Sea, Egypt, 35 samples were collected to analyze Cu, Sr, Zn, Cd, Pb, Fe, Co, Ni, Mn, and total organic matter with an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Several indices were calculated to estimate the contamination levels. The results indicated the following order of metal concentrations: Fe > Sr > Mn > Zn > Ni > Pb > Cu > Co > Cd, and revealed that the investigated sediments are highly enriched and contaminated with Sr, Cd, Pb and Zn. Statistical analyses subdivided the elements into Fe and Mn from natural sources, Sr, Cd, Pb and Zn from anthropogenic sources, and Ni, Cu and Co from combined natural and anthropogenic sources. The average Pb and Cd concentrations are considerably higher compared to the Caspian Sea, Indian Ocean, northern Red Sea, background shale, and continental crust. Possible sources of pollutants are fishing operations, antifouling paints, runoff, desalination plants, industries and dissolution of carbonate sediments.

Keywords

Contamination,Ecological risk assessment,Egypt,Heavy metals,Red Sea,Shalateen,

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