Contribution of aorta glycosaminoglycans and PCSK9 to hyperlipidemia in experimental rabbits: the role of 10-dehdrogingerdione as effective modulator.


Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt. [Email]


10-Dehydrogingerdione (10-DHGD) was previously reported to possess a hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties in hyperlipidemic rabbit model. In this study, we investigated a possible new role for 10-DHGD in modulating atherogenic lipid profile by targeting proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 (PCSK-9). Cholesterol (0.2% w/w)-fed rabbits received either atorvastatin (20 mg/kg) or 10-DHGD (10 mg/kg) for 12 weeks along with cholesterol feeding (HCD). Lipid profile, serum PCSK-9 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and aorta level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were measured. HCD-fed rabbits revealed an atherogenic lipid profile along with increased serum level of PCSK-9 (p < 0.001) and increased serum MIF and aortic TNF-α and GAGs (p < 0.001). 10-DHGD administration to HCD-fed rabbits prevented this atheogenicity by modulating the release of PCSK-9, inflammation extent (serum MIF and aortic TNF-α) and GAGs. These results provide new insights on the hypolipidemic potential of 10-DHGD. The effects of 10-DHGD was superior to that of atorvastatin in most studied parameters modulating atherogenicity. 10-DHGD is found to be able to suppress the release of PCSK-9, decrease aortic expression of GAGs in cholesterol-fed rabbits and halt the inflammation extent. These effects may provide new insights on the hypolipidemic potential of 10-DHGD.