Controllable Crimpness of Animal Hairs via Water-Stimulated Shape Fixation for Regulation of Thermal Insulation.

Affiliation

Key laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China. [Email]

Abstract

Animals living in extremely cold plateau areas have shown amazing ability to maintain their bodies warmth, a benefit of their hair's unique structures and crimps. Investigation of hair crimps using a water-stimulated shape fixation effect would control the hair's crimpness with a specific wetting-drying process thereafter, in order to achieve the regulation of hair thermal insulation. The mechanism of hair's temporary shape fixation was revealed through FTIR and XRD characterizations for switching on and off the hydrogen bonds between macromolecules via penetration into and removal of aqueous molecules. The thermal insulation of hairs was regulated by managing the hair temporary crimps, that is, through managing the multiple reflectance of infrared light by hair hierarchical crimps from hair root to head.

Keywords

animal hairs,crimpness,temporary shape fixation,thermal insulation,