Controlling the lifetime of antibubbles.

Affiliation

TIPS C.P.165/67, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Av. F. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

An antibubble is a liquid droplet wrapped by a thin layer of gas, inside a bulk liquid usually of the same composition. The lifetime of an antibubble is governed by the drainage of the gas between the two liquid-gas interfaces populated by surfactants. Depending on the relative magnitude of surface viscosity and elastic moduli, which directly depend on or are determined by the nature of surfactants, the lifetime of an antibubble may vary a lot, from few seconds to few minutes. While such a difference can be predicted with models that include the role of interfacial properties, they were not observed experimentally in previous studies, due to important sources of dispersion. In this review, the main sources of dispersion are identified, such as (i) the initial amount of gas embedded in the antibubble, (ii) the level of saturation of gas in the bulk liquid, (iii) the presence of dust particles (<0.5 μm) in the gas, and (iv) three-dimensional flow effects. By accounting for these various effects, we obtain a coherent view on the lifetime of an antibubble, as a function of its radius and the surface rheology, with excellent consistency between experiments and modeling. Results thus demonstrate that controlling the size and lifetime of antibubbles is achievable.

Keywords

Antibubbles,Drainage,Surface elasticity,Surface viscosity,Surfactants,

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