Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, 250 College Street, Toronto M5T 1R8, Canada; The Fred A. Litwin Family Centre in Genetic Medicine, University Health Network & Mount Sinai Hospital, 60 Murray Street, Toronto M5T 3L9, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]
The genetic underpinnings of schizophrenia (SCZ) remain unclear. SCZ genetic studies thus far have only identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms with small effect sizes and a handful of copy number variants (CNVs). This study investigates the prevalence of well-characterized CNV syndromes and candidate CNVs within a cohort of 348 SCZ patients, and explores correlations to their phenotypic findings. There was an enrichment of syndromic CNVs in the cohort, as well as brain-related and immune pathway genes within the detected CNVs. SCZ patients with brain-related CNVs had increased CNV burden, neurodevelopmental features, and types of hallucinations. Based on these results, we propose a CNV-SCZ model wherein specific phenotypic profiles should be prioritized for CNV screening within the SCZ patient population.