Correlation between B-scan optical coherence tomography, en face thickness map ring and hyperautofluorescent ring in retinitis pigmentosa patients.


Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : To evaluate and compare the B-scan OCT loss of ellipsoid zone, OCT en face thickness map constriction, and hyperautofluorescent ring constriction in RP patients.
METHODS : Retrospective case series study. Forty-eight eyes of 24 RP patients with a parafoveal hyperautofluorescent ring were studied. The diagnosis of RP was established by the presence of rod response impairment and a prevalent decrease of scotopic over photopic responses on electroretinography. The FAF and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images were obtained from 24 patients with RP. The measurements of the EZ line width on B-scan OCT, hyperautofluorescent ring area on FAF, and hyperautofluorescent ring area on en face thickness map were performed by two independent graders. The measurements of these three parameters were correlated.
RESULTS : The mean age of study patients was 46 years old (sd = 19). The external and internal FAF rings involving the fovea were identified in all study eyes. The area of the thickness ring decreased at an average rate of 0.5 (sd 0.4) mm2 per year (P < 0.001). The average rate of EZ-line constriction was estimated to be 123 (sd 63) μm per year (P < 0.001). The hyperautofluorescent ring area decreased at an average rate of 0.9 (sd 0.98) mm2 per year (P < 0.001). The strongest correlation was observed between hyperautofluorescent ring area and EZ-line width (r = 0.78).
CONCLUSIONS : We observed that the hyperautofluorescent ring area exhibits a faster progression rate than the area of the thickness ring. In addition, we found that the EZ-line width had a high positive correlation with the hyperautofluorescent ring area and a moderate positive correlation with area of the thickness ring.


Fundus autofluorescence,Hyperautofluorescent ring,OCT,Retinitis pigmentosa,