Current methods for secondary alveolar bone grafting assessment in cleft lip and palate patients - A systematic review.


Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Al. Zwycięstwa 42c, 80-210, Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : The development of 3D X-ray diagnostics has led to new methods for secondary alveolar bone grafting (SABG) assessment. The aim of this study was to collect and present literature from the years 2007-2018, and review on the current treatment outcome assessment methods for SABG.
METHODS : A systematic review of literature from 2007 to 2018 was carried out, following PRISMA guidelines. 426 records were identified after duplicate references had been removed. 25 articles were included in the review. The Cochrane Collaboration tool or the methodological index for non-randomized studies was used for quality evaluation.
RESULTS : Computed tomography and cone beam computed tomography were preferentially used for SABG treatment outcome verification. There were different assessment protocols. Due to the ways in which results were presented, methods were divided into five groups: linear measurements, volumetric measurements, density measurements, percentage ratios, and scales. There was only one randomized, controlled trial with high methodological quality.
CONCLUSIONS : 1. Currently, 3D X-ray imaging is a standard treatment outcome verification method for SABG. 2. It is necessary to establish the required postoperative follow-up time for best SABG treatment outcome assessment. More prospective studies to assess bone graft outcomes after 6 months and 1 year are required.


Cleft lip and palate,Computed tomography,Cone beam computed tomography,Secondary alveolar bone graft,