Current prospective in using cold-active enzymes as eco-friendly detergent additive.


Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Shaqra University, Shaqra, 11961, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. [Email]


Advanced developments in the field of enzyme technology have increased the use of enzymes in industrial applications, especially in detergents. Enzymes as detergent additives have been extensively studied and the demand is considerably increasing due to its distinct properties and potential applications. Enzymes from microorganisms colonized at various geographical locations ranging from extreme hot to cold are explored for compatibility studies as detergent additives. Especially psychrophiles growing at cold conditions have cold-active enzymes with high catalytic activity and their stability under extreme conditions makes it as an appropriate eco-friendly and cost-effective additive in detergents. Adequate number of reports are available on cold-active enzymes such as proteases, lipases, amylases, and cellulases with high efficiency and exceptional features. These enzymes with increased thermostability and alkaline stability have become the premier choice as detergent additives. Modern approaches in genomics and proteomics paved the way to understand the compatibility of cold-active enzymes as detergent additives in broader dimensions. The molecular techniques such as gene coding, amino acid sequencing, and protein engineering studies helped to solve the mysteries related to alkaline stability of these enzymes and their chemical compatibility with oxidizing agents. The present review provides an overview of cold-active enzymes used as detergent additives and molecular approaches that resulted in development of these enzymes as commercial hit in detergent industries. The scope and challenges in using cold-active enzymes as eco-friendly and sustainable detergent additive are also discussed.


Amylase,Detergent compatibility,Lipase,Protease,Psychrophiles,

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