Cystic fibrosis and portal hypertension: Distal splenorenal shunt can prevent the need for future liver transplant.

Affiliation

Division of Transplant Surgery, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : The management of portal hypertension (PHT) in children with well compensated cirrhosis and cystic fibrosis (CF) is controversial. We present our experience with distal splenorenal shunting (DSRS) for the treatment of PHT as an alternative to liver transplantation (LT).
METHODS : Between 2008 and 2017, 5 CF children underwent a DSRS at a pediatric hepatobiliary and transplantation referral center. LT (n = 9) was reserved for patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Statistical analysis was done using the paired t-test (p < 0.05 considered significant).
RESULTS : Mean PELD/MELD score was significantly lower for DSRS patients than LT (3 ± 6 vs 28 ± 4, p < 0.001). All 5 DSRS patients had grade III-IV varices. One bled prior to surgery. After DSRS, spleen size decreased significantly from 8.4 ± 1.5 cm to 4.4 ± 1.8 cm (p = 0.019). Mean platelet count remained stable (87.8 ± 48 to 91.8 ± 35, p = 0.9). There were no postoperative complications. No DSRS patient experienced variceal bleeding following shunt creation. Liver function tests remained stable in the DSRS group, and no patient required a liver transplant (median follow up 4.65 years, range 1.24-7.79).
CONCLUSIONS : Patients with cystic fibrosis who have well-compensated cirrhosis and symptomatic portal hypertension can be palliated with distal splenorenal shunting and do not need liver transplants. These patients can undergo shunting with minimal morbidity.
METHODS : Case series with no comparison group.
METHODS : IV.

Keywords

Cystic fibrosis,Cystic fibrosis-liver related disease,Distal splenorenal shunt,Liver transplantation,Portal hypertension,

OUR Recent Articles