DICER1 mutation-positive giant botryoid fibroepithelial polyp of the urinary bladder mimicking embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma.

Affiliation

Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-University, Erlangen-Nuremberg. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Fibroepithelial polyps of the urinary tract are rare lesions. They occur mainly in the upper urinary tract of children. A high disease prevalence has been reported in families with pleuropulmonary blastoma. Here we present a case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with a giant botryoid fibroepithelial polyp of the urinary bladder. Histologically, the lesion showed prominent botryoid features with an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma-like cambium layer lacking nuclear or cellular atypia. Immunohistochemical analysis ruled out rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. Next-generation sequencing was performed on the polyp tissue and revealed two pathogenic mutations in the DICER1 ribonuclease III (DICER1) gene (c.[5439G>T]; p.[Glu1813Asp] and c.[1525C>T]; p.[Arg509*]). Truncating DICER1 mutations, accompanied by characteristic "hotspot" mutations affecting the RNase IIIB domain of DICER1 are typically seen in DICER1-related lesions. Our findings indicate a role of DICER1 mutations in the pathogenesis of fibroepithelial polyps of the urinary tract.

Keywords

DICER1,DICER1 syndrome,Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma,Fibroepithelial polyps,Pleuropulmonary blastoma,

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