DNA nanostructures from palindromic rolling circle amplification for the fluorescent detection of cancer-related microRNAs.


Cancer Metastasis Alert and Prevention Center, Pharmaceutical Photocatalysis of State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, and Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Cancer Metastasis Chemoprevention and Chemotherapy, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Herein, DNA nanostructures were prepared via a palindromic padlock probe-based rolling circle amplification (called P-RCA) and then employed to implement the sensitive and specific detection of let-7a miRNA extracted from cancer cells without chemical modification. The presence of target let-7a miRNA as a polymerization primer can trigger the P-RCA process, generating a long tandemly repetitive DNA strand. The resulting products can fold into nanostructures via self-hybridization of palindromic regions and possess numerous double-stranded fragments. In this case, the strong fluorescent signal is detected upon exposure to SYBR Green I. As a result, in homogeneous solution, target miRNA can be detected down to 6.4 pM with a wide dynamic range. A high specificity was demonstrated by the excellent discrimination between let-7 miRNA family members, while the applicability of this sensing system in complex biological environments was confirmed by the analysis of target miRNAs extracted from HeLa cells. It should be noted that increasing numbers of palindromic fragments in padlock probe further increases signal amplification efficiency. The experimental results indicate that the newly proposed P-RCA DNA nanostructures have potential to become a promising analytical platform in biomedical research and clinical diagnosis for the miRNA detection with high sensitivity and good specificity.


DNA nanostructures,MiRNA detection,Palindromic rolling circle amplification (P-RCA),SYBR Green I,