Depression in Maltreated Children and Adolescents.


Healthy Childhood Brain Development and Developmental Traumatology Research Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Box 104360, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Maltreatment affects 9.1 to 17.1 of every 1000 US children and adolescents. Maltreated youth are at high risk for depression. Clinicians should screen young patients for maltreatment history. Depressed maltreated youth are at high risk for treatment resistance. Combination treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with a trauma-informed approach should be considered for depressed maltreated youth. Behavioral management can be integrated with trauma-focused CBT to treat the externalizing disorders that commonly occur in maltreated depressed youth. If one approach is unsuccessful, a change to another medication or type of evidence-based psychotherapy or intervention is indicated.


Adolescents,Children,Depressive disorders,Maltreatment,Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs),Self-injury,Suicide,Trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy,