Design and synthesis of selective CYP1B1 inhibitor via dearomatization of α-naphthoflavone.


Laboratory of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry, Showa Pharmaceutical University, 3-3165 Higashi-Tamagawagakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


Selective cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1B1 inhibition has potential as an anticancer strategy that is unrepresented in the current clinical arena. For development of a selective inhibitor, we focused on the complexity caused by sp3-hybridized carbons and synthesized a series of benzo[h]chromone derivatives linked to a non-aromatic B-ring using α-naphthoflavone (ANF) as the lead compound. Ring structure comparison suggested compound 37 as a suitable cyclohexyl-core with improved solubility. Structural evolution of 37 produced the azide-containing cis-49a, which had good properties in three important respects: (1) selectivity for CYP1B1 over CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 (120-times and 150-times, respectively), (2) greater inhibitory potency of >2 times that of ANF, and (3) improved solubility. The corresponding aromatic B-ring compound 59a showed low selectivity and poor solubility. To elucidate the binding mode, we performed X-ray crystal structure analysis, which revealed the interaction mode and explained the subtype selectivity of cis-49a.