Designing an anti-inflammatory and tissue-adhesive colloidal dressing for wound treatment.

Affiliation

Biomaterials Field, Research Center for Functional Materials, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Wound dressing materials are widely used to protect wounds from the external environment and to promote wound healing. However, conventional wound dressings lack tissue adhesive properties and anti-inflammatory functions, which lead to fibrosis and stricture, in cases such as gastrointestinal wounds after endoscopic surgery. In the current study, we report tissue-adhesive and anti-inflammatory properties of a wound dressing composed of corticosteroid-modified gelatin particles. Hydrocortisone (HC), which is a class of anti-inflammatory corticosteroid, was used to modify Alaska-pollock gelatin (ApGltn) to synthesize HC-modified ApGltn (HC-ApGltn). Microparticles (MPs) of HC-ApGltn were fabricated by adding ethanol in HC-ApGltn aqueous solution and performing thermal crosslinking (TC) without the use of toxic surfactants and crosslinking reagents. Modification of ApGltn with hydrophobic HC containing cholesterol backbone structure improved its adhesion strength to gastric submucosal tissues under wet conditions owing to hydrophobic interactions. This retention of adhesive property under wet conditions allows for stable protection of wounds from the external environment. We found that HC-ApGltn MPs were taken up by macrophages and they effectively suppressed morphological changes of LPS-activated macrophages and the expression level of the inflammatory cytokine. Robust tissue adhesive and anti-inflammatory MPs may serve as an advanced wound dressing that can protect wounds and suppress inflammatory responses for promoting wound healing.

Keywords

Anti-inflammation,Corticosteroid,Microparticle,Tissue adhesion,Wound healing,