Detecting intertrochanteric hip fractures with orthopedist-level accuracy using a deep convolutional neural network.

Affiliation

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tsuruoka Municipal Shonai Hospital, 4-20 Izumi-machi, Tsuruoka-shi, Yamagata, 997-8515, Japan. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To compare performances in diagnosing intertrochanteric hip fractures from proximal femoral radiographs between a convolutional neural network and orthopedic surgeons.
METHODS : In total, 1773 patients were enrolled in this study. Hip plain radiographs from these patients were cropped to display only proximal fractured and non-fractured femurs. Images showing pseudarthrosis after femoral neck fracture and those showing artificial objects were excluded. This yielded a total of 3346 hip images (1773 fractured and 1573 non-fractured hip images) that were used to compare performances between the convolutional neural network and five orthopedic surgeons.
RESULTS : The convolutional neural network and orthopedic surgeons had accuracies of 95.5% (95% CI = 93.1-97.6) and 92.2% (95% CI = 89.2-94.9), sensitivities of 93.9% (95% CI = 90.1-97.1) and 88.3% (95% CI = 83.3-92.8), and specificities of 97.4% (95% CI = 94.5-99.4) and 96.8% (95% CI = 95.1-98.4), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS : The performance of the convolutional neural network exceeded that of orthopedic surgeons in detecting intertrochanteric hip fractures from proximal femoral radiographs under limited conditions. The convolutional neural network has a significant potential to be a useful tool for screening for fractures on plain radiographs, especially in the emergency room, where orthopedic surgeons are not readily available.

Keywords

Convolutional neural network,Deep learning,Fracture,Orthopedics,

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