Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disease, which poses an immense socio-economic burden on the society. Human calcitonin, though safe, is not considered as a therapeutic option because of its high tendency to self-associate to form amyloid fibrils thereby affecting its potency. To circumvent this issue we harnessed the inherent capacity of aggregation and developed an assemblage of human calcitonin monomers, [Supramolecular Calcitonin Assembly (SCAI)], which releases biologically active calcitonin monomers in a sustained manner for a period of at least three weeks. AFM and FT-IR analysis showed that SCA-I is amorphous aggregates of calcitonin monomers. Both SCA-I and monomer released from it demonstrated superior anti-osteoclast activity and proteolytic stability in-vitro. SCA-I upon single injection significantly improved bone formation markers and reduced bone resorption markers in ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Micro-CT analysis revealed that calcitonin released from SCA-I exhibits its beneficial effect on cortical bone more profoundly compared to trabecular bone. This study demonstrates that SCA-I is more effective compared to the human calcitonin monomers on osteoclasts and has site-specific effect on bone in a model of post-menopausal osteoporosis. This approach opens up an innovative way to use and study the function of human calcitonin.