Development of the Nocturia Sleep Quality Scale: a patient-reported outcome measure of sleep impact related to nocturia.


RTI Health Solutions, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Nocturia's impact on sleep causes significant burden for patients. This study aimed to develop a novel patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure, the Nocturia Sleep Quality Scale (NSQS), for the assessment of the impact of nocturia (defined as ≥2 nocturnal voids/night) on sleep.


Development,Nocturia,Patient-reported,Qualitative,Sleep impact,