Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, 100 Lancaster Ave, Wynnewood, PA 19096, USA; Department of Pathology, Anatomy & Cell Biology and, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
Tryptophan (Trp) catabolizing enzymes play an important and complex role in the development of cancer. Significant evidence implicates them in a range of inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities. Whereas inhibitors of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) have been reported and analyzed in the clinic, fewer inhibitors have been described for tryptophan dioxygenase (TDO) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-2 (IDO2) which also have been implicated more recently in cancer, inflammation and immune control. Consequently the development of dual or pan inhibitors of these Trp catabolizing enzymes may represent a therapeutically important area of research. This is the first report to describe the development of dual and pan inhibitors of IDO1, TDO and IDO2.