Dietary Implications for Dental Caries: A Practical Approach on Dietary Counseling.


Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, 335 Dental Science North, Iowa City, IA 52242-1010, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Acid produced during bacterial fermentation of carbohydrates dissolves tooth structure, leading to dental caries. Carbohydrates are a nutrient within foods, individual foods contain multitudinous differing nutrients in varying concentrations, and, ultimately, food choices and eating behaviors are associated with the caries process. Consideration of food choices and eating behaviors is necessary for effective caries prevention. This article (1) defines a healthy diet and eating behaviors as a foundation for caries prevention, (2) identifies food choices and eating behaviors associated with caries, (3) identifies diet-related screening and assessment tools for caries risk, and (4) provides counseling strategies to manage dental caries.


Caries,Diet,Diet assessment,Diet counseling,Sugar-sweetened beverages,Sugars,

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