State Key Laboratory of New Drug and Pharmaceutical Process, Shanghai Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry, China State Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry, 1111 Zhongshan North No. 1 Road, Shanghai, 200437, China. Electronic address: [Email]
The retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor-gamma-t (RORγt) is a promising therapeutic target for treatment of Th17 cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. Based on a scaffold hopping/conformational restriction strategy, a series of N-indanyl benzamides as novel RORγt inverse agonists was discovered. Exploration of structure-activity relationship on the piperazine ring, benzoyl moiety and cyclopentyl moiety of N-indanyl benzamides 2a and 2d led to identification of potent RORγt inverse agonists. Compound 5c with (S)-enantiomer was found having an IC50 of 153.7 nM in Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) assay, and an IC50 of 47.1 nM in mouse Th17 cell differentiation assay, which represents a promising starting point for developing potent small molecule RORγt inverse agonists. Binding modes of the two enantiomers 5c and 5d in RORγt ligand binding domain were also discussed.