Disparities in Cardiac Rehabilitation Among Individuals from Racial and Ethnic Groups and Rural Communities-A Systematic Review.


Department of Medicine, The University of California San Diego, School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA, USA. [Email]


Despite the well-described benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on long-term health outcomes, CR is a resource that is underutilized by a significant proportion of patients that suffer from cardiovascular diseases. The main purpose of this study was to examine disparities in CR referral and participation rates among individuals from rural communities and racial and ethnic minority groups with coronary heart disease (CHD) when compared to the general population.


Cardiac rehabilitation,Health disparities,Race and ethnicity,Rural communities,Socioeconomic status,

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