Dual production of polyunsaturated fatty acids and beta-carotene with Mucor wosnessenskii by the process of solid-state fermentation using agro-industrial waste.


Institute of Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Radlinského 9, 812 37, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. Electronic address: [Email]


Solid-state fermentation is a technique employing microorganisms grown on a solid substrate in the absence of free water. The substrates used in this process are mostly waste from the agro-industry (brans, spent malt grains, distiller grains, etc.) that improves not only the economy of the process but also has positive effect on waste management problems. Zygomycetous fungi are not only able to grow in such conditions but also enrich fermented materials with various types of bioactive compounds. Mucor sp. strains have been identified as producers of gamma-linolenic acid and beta-carotene in submerged fermentation. The aim of the present study was to identify the best microbial producer of gamma-linolenic acid and beta-carotene among four different Mucor strains and to study the requirements for the dual production of these metabolites. Mucor wosnessenskii was identified as the most suitable producer of both metabolites. After optimization of the fermentation conditions, the highest yields obtained were 10.7 g of gamma-linolenic acid/kg of fermented product and 261.5 mg of beta-carotene/kg of fermented product. This yield of beta-carotene is the highest among the results published so far.


Carotenoids,Cereals,Legumes,Mucor,Polyunsaturated fatty acids,Solid-state fermentation,

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