Dual-signal amplification strategy: Universal asymmetric tailing-PCR triggered rolling circle amplification assay for fluorescent detection of Cronobacter spp. in milk.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330047, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Cronobacter spp. are important opportunistic foodborne pathogens in powdered infant formula that cause many serious diseases in neonates and infants. In this study, a novel assay based on dual signal amplification strategy was developed by coupling asymmetric tailing PCR (AT-PCR) with rolling circle amplification (RCA) for the detection of Cronobacter spp. in milk. The tailing single-stranded DNA was generated through AT-PCR and used to initiate RCA, generating tandem repetitive G-quadruplex sequences. In the presence of the fluorescence dye thioflavin T that could intercalate into the G-quadruplex structures, the fluorescence signal was detected with a microplate reader. The AT-PCR coupled with RCA assay was specific for Cronobacter spp. detection because of the highly specific primers chosen for the AT-PCR. The limits of detection were 4.3 × 101 cfu/mL in pure culture and 4.5 × 102 cfu/mL in spiked milk, respectively. The fixed sequences designed in the hairpin DNA allowed this AT-PCR coupled with RCA assay to serve as a universal platform for the detection of other pathogens by modifying the specificity of the PCR primers.

Keywords

Cronobacter spp.,asymmetric tailing PCR,fluorescence detection,rolling circle amplification,

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