Early Do-Not-Resuscitate Directives Decrease Invasive Procedures and Health Care Expenses During the Final Hospitalization of Life of COPD Patients.


Institute of Health Policy and Management, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: [Email]


Nearly 70% of do-not-resuscitate (DNR) directives for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are established during their terminal hospitalization. Whether patient use of end-of-life resources differs between early and late establishment of a DNR is unknown.


COPD,do-not-resuscitate (DNR),end-of-life care,medical expenses,medical resource use,

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