Editor's Choice - Hospital Incidence, Treatment, and In Hospital Mortality Following Open and Endovascular Surgery for Thoraco-abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Germany from 2005 to 2014: Secondary Data Analysis of the Nationwide German DRG Microdata.

Affiliation

Department for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : Hospital incidence, treatment modality, and in hospital mortality after surgery are reported for thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) treated by endovascular or open means in Germany from 2005 to 2014.
METHODS : Data were extracted from diagnosis related group statistics from the German Federal Statistical Office. All inpatient cases with a diagnosis of ruptured and non-ruptured TAAA (ICD-10 I71.5 and I71.6) and procedure codes for fenestrated or branched endovascular aortic repair (f/bEVAR 5-38a.7x and 5-38a.8x), open aortic repair (OAR 5-384.4), or hybrid procedure (5-384.b/c, 5-38a.a/b/8/80) were included. To adjust for sex, age, medical risk (Elixhauser comorbidity score), type of procedure, and type of admission, a multilevel multivariable regression model with robust error variance was applied. The primary outcome was in hospital mortality; secondary outcomes were organ complications. The relationship between annual hospital volume and outcome was analysed.
RESULTS : A total of 2607 cases (406 rTAAA, 2201 nrTAAA) were included. f/bEVAR was performed in 856 cases (32.8%), OAR in 1422 cases (54.5%), and hybrid repair in 354 cases (13.6%). Endovascular repair became more frequent over time (6% in 2005 vs. 76% in 2014 for nrTAAA). Hypertension (75.2%), peripheral artery disease (including abdominal aortic aneurysm, 49.5%), other heart diseases (44.6%), coronary heart disease (30.6%), and renal failure (28.7%) were the most frequently coded comorbidities. The number of hospitals treating TAAAs almost tripled within 9 years. The in hospital mortality was 46.1% for rTAAA and 15.9% for nrTAAA. f/bEVAR (RR 0.35, 0.24-0.51) and high hospital volume (p < .001) were significantly associated with decreased in hospital mortality. Aortic rupture, increasing age, and comorbidity were significantly associated with higher mortality (RR 3.17, 2.45-4.09; 1.52, 1.32-1.76, and 1.05, 1.04-1.06).
CONCLUSIONS : Seventy-six percent of all TAAAs were treated endovascularly in 2014 with increasing frequency over a decade. In hospital mortality is lower with endovascular repair and in high volume centres. Aortic rupture, age, and severe comorbidities are associated with worse outcomes.

Keywords

Hospital incidence,In hospital mortality,Secondary data analysis,Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm,bEVAR,fEVAR,

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