Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy on Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients With Cardiac Sarcoidosis.

Affiliation

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been shown to be beneficial in patients with medically refractory heart failure. Although it has been found to be effective in a wide range of etiologies for nonischemic cardiomyopathy, its role in improving remodeling and survival of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) remains undefined. We performed a retrospective review of all patients at our institution with CS who underwent implantation of a CRT device from 2007 to 2017. The outcomes of this population were compared with the outcomes of a cohort of patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy with an etiology other than sarcoidosis. Nineteen patients in our institution with CS underwent CRT implantation during the time period. This group was compared with 311 consecutive patients with other etiologies of nonischemic cardiomyopathy who underwent CRT implantation. CRT improved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from 28.8% to 35.9% (p <0.05) in CS, whereas it improved LVEF from 25% to 36.6% (p <0.01) in non-CS group (difference in means of 0.13). CRT significantly improved diastolic and systolic LV diameters, mitral regurgitation, and right ventricular systolic function in non-CS patients but failed to improve same parameters in CS patients. In conclusion, CRT significantly improved LVEF in patients with CS. There is no significant evidence that survival outcomes of CRT patients with CS are significantly worse than other etiologies of nonischemic cardiomyopathy.