Effect of Potassium Ions on the Formation of Mixed-Valence Manganese Oxide/Graphene Nanocomposites.

Affiliation

Functional Composite Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) Jeonbuk Institute of Advanced Composite Materials, 92 Chudong-ro, Bongdong-eup, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55324, Korea. [Email]

Abstract

One-pot synthesis of mixed-valence manganese oxide (MnOx)/potassium ion-doped reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composites for efficient electrochemical supercapacitors is introduced. Using manganese nitrate and potassium permanganate as co-precursors for the MnOx and by directly annealing the rGO without tedious purification steps, as described herein, MnOx/rGO composites with a high specific capacitance of 1955.6 F g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1 are achieved. It is found that the presence of potassium ions helps in the development of mixed-valence MnOx on the surface of the rGO.

Keywords

graphene,manganese oxide,nanocomposite,reduced graphene oxide,