BACKGROUND : Brimonidine bioavailability in the aqueous humor depends on the solution pH following topical administration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of solution pH on brimonidine distribution in the posterior ocular tissues in pigmented rabbits. METHODS : The anterior retina/choroid, posterior retina/choroid, and vitreous body of pigmented rabbits were collected 0.67, 1.5, 3, 6, 12, 24, 168, and 360 h after the administration of a single topical dose of 0.2% brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution, pH 6.4 (Alphagan®; Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA, USA). Brimonidine concentrations in these tissues were quantified using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined using noncompartmental analysis, and the results were compared with tissues from eyes administered 0.1% brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution, pH 7.3 (Aiphagan®; Senju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan) in our previous study conducted using the same procedure. RESULTS : Topically applied brimonidine was distributed rapidly into the posterior tissues of the eye after a single ophthalmic administration of the 0.2% ophthalmic solution. The areas under the curve from time 0 to 360 h following dosing with the 0.2% ophthalmic solution were 500,000, 14,300, and 28.7 ng h/g in the anterior and posterior retina/choroid, and vitreous body, respectively. CONCLUSIONS : The differences in the areas under the curve between two ophthalmic solutions were less than the difference in drug concentrations between these two products in any tissues. This finding indicates that the change in the solution pH from 6.4 to 7.3 increases brimonidine bioavailability into the posterior ocular tissues similarly as into the aqueous humor. BACKGROUND : Senju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.